美方已将对2000亿美元商品加征的关税从10%上调至25%,中方反制

转载 网络  2019-05-11 22:13:14  阅读 297 次 评论 0 条
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商务部新闻发言人就美方正式实施加征关税发表谈话文章来源:商务部新闻办公室  2019-05-10 12:03 美方已将对2000亿美元中国输美商品加征的关税从10%上调至25%,中方对此深表遗憾,将不得不采取必要反制措施。第十一轮中美经贸高级别磋商正在进行中,希望美方与中方相向而行、共同努力,通过合作和协商办法解决存在的问题。http://www.mofcom.gov.cn/article ... 0190502861691.shtml在加征新关税的问题上,实际上还是给会谈留出了一点余地。根据星

商务部新闻发言人就美方正式实施加征关税发表谈话

文章来源:商务部新闻办公室  2019-05-10 12:03 

美方已将对2000亿美元中国输美商品加征的关税从10%上调至25%,中方对此深表遗憾,将不得不采取必要反制措施。第十一轮中美经贸高级别磋商正在进行中,希望美方与中方相向而行、共同努力,通过合作和协商办法解决存在的问题。

http://www.mofcom.gov.cn/article ... 0190502861691.shtml

在加征新关税的问题上,实际上还是给会谈留出了一点余地。根据星期三在联邦公报上公布的文件,星期五最后期限前已经离港的中国货物不会被征收新的关税。而接下来从中国港口出发前来美国的货轮,需要三到四个星期才能跨越太平洋。

高盛集团周四一份报告中说,“这制造了一个非官方的窗口,有可能持续两个星期,在这段时间,谈判可以继续并产生一个达成协议的‘软’期限。”

值得注意的是,美国贸易代表发布的关税实施方案显示,对于5月10日前出口、6月1日前进入美国的中国商品仍然加征10%的关税,而不适用于加征25%的关税。

美国特朗普政府于2018年9月24日起,对约2000亿美元的中国产品加征10%的关税。作为反击,中国国务院关税税则委员会自2018年9月24日起,对原产于美国的5207个税目、约600亿美元商品,加征10%或5%的关税。

美国9-24号开始对2000亿商品实施加征关税

USTR Finalizes Tariffs on $200 Billion of Chinese Imports in Response to China’s Unfair Trade Practices

Washington, DC – As part of the United States’ continuing response to China’s theft of American intellectual property and forced transfer of American technology, the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) today released a list of approximately $200 billion worth of Chinese imports that will be subject to additional tariffs. In accordance with the direction of President Trump, the additional tariffs will be effective starting September 24, 2018, and initially will be in the amount of 10 percent. Starting January 1, 2019, the level of the additional tariffs will increase to 25 percent.

The list contains 5,745 full or partial lines of the original 6,031 tariff lines that were on a proposed list of Chinese imports announced on July 10, 2018. Changes to the proposed list were made after USTR and the interagency Section 301 Committee sought and received comments over a six-week period and testimony during a six-day public hearing in August. USTR engaged in a thorough process to rigorously examine the comments and testimony and, as a result, determined to fully or partially remove 297 tariff lines from the original proposed list. Included among the products removed from the proposed list are certain consumer electronics products such as smart watches and Bluetooth devices; certain chemical inputs for manufactured goods, textiles and agriculture; certain health and safety products such as bicycle helmets, and child safety furniture such as car seats and playpens.

In March 2018, USTR released the findings of its exhaustive Section 301 investigation that found China’s acts, policies and practices related to technology transfer, intellectual property and innovation are unreasonable and discriminatory and burden or restrict U.S. commerce.

Specifically, the Section 301 investigation revealed:

China uses joint venture requirements, foreign investment restrictions, and administrative review and licensing processes to require or pressure technology transfer from U.S. companies.
China deprives U.S. companies of the ability to set market-based terms in licensing and other technology-related negotiations.
China directs and unfairly facilitates the systematic investment in, and acquisition of, U.S. companies and assets to generate large-scale technology transfer.
China conducts and supports cyber intrusions into U.S. commercial computer networks to gain unauthorized access to commercially valuable business information.
After separate notice and comment proceedings, in June and August USTR released two lists of Chinese imports, with a combined annual trade value of approximately $50 billion, with the goal of obtaining the elimination of China’s harmful acts, policies and practices. Unfortunately, China has been unwilling to change its policies involving the unfair acquisition of U.S. technology and intellectual property. Instead, China responded to the United States’ tariff action by taking further steps to harm U.S. workers and businesses. In these circumstances, the President has directed the U.S. Trade Representative to increase the level of trade covered by the additional duties in order to obtain elimination of China’s unfair policies. The Administration will continue to encourage China to allow for fair trade with the United States.

A formal notice of the $200 billion tariff action will be published shortly in the Federal Register.

view the final tariff list:(本次加税的清单,下载或在线打开此pdf)
https://ustr.gov/sites/default/f ... 20List-09.17.18.pdf 福步备份版 http://link.fobshanghai.com/download/TariffList_09.17.18.pdf

https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy ... nalizes-tariffs-200

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